It is estimated that an additional , workers would be needed every year. Bandung Regency is an area in West Java that is highly dedicated to the production of textiles. However, the economic growth from the textile sector brings with it a tremendous environmental expense. One of the major impacts of the textile industry in Bandung, Indonesia is the quality of water of the Citarum river. It supports over 30 million residents for agricultural, domestic and personal use.
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In several places along its course, the Citarum River is so heavily loaded with wasters that its water is hardly visible. Indonesia is home to the most polluted river in the world, the Citarum River. The residents of West Java rely on the river for activities such as agriculture, fishing, water supply for homes and industries, and electricity generation.
The dams also supply irrigation water to rice paddies. Historical Role and Current Pollution Problems In prehistoric times, the river facilitated the growth of the Buni clay pottery-making culture. The river is associated with the Tarumanagara Kingdom which flourished in the 4th century. Over textile industries set up shop in the area and channeled dyes and other chemicals into Citarum River.
Currently, there are over 2, industries near the river, most of which dump toxic chemicals such as arsenic and lead into the river. Poor sanitation practices around the river mean that households channel their waste into Citarum in addition to pesticides and farm slurry. West Java lacks an efficient waste disposal system, and thus the river is a dumping site for people and industries.
The waste makes the water turn color and also develops bad odors. The situation is made worse by lax pollution laws in the country. Habitat and Biodiversity The river has many fish species such as walking catfish, suckermouth catfish, common carp, minnows, cichlids, betok, and impun paris.
The poor-quality water in the river has supported the rapid spread of wild water plants, mudskipper fish, and plankton. Continuous pollution has led to the decrease of fish populations in the river.
The residents always complain of skin irritations, respiratory problems, stomachache, and diarrhea among other problems. A section of the residents does not drink or cook with water due to high levels of pollution. The toxins dumped in the water have affected marine life and led to a decrease in the species found in the river which has in turn affected fishing.
The cleanup is taking place at a distance of miles through three cities. The program aims at cleaning up What is the Most Polluted River in the World?
The Citarum River in Indonesia is regarded as the most polluted river in the world. It is known for being filled with industrial and household waste. This page was last updated on April 25, By Joseph Kiprop.
Pollution in the Citarum River
In several places along its course, the Citarum River is so heavily loaded with wasters that its water is hardly visible. Indonesia is home to the most polluted river in the world, the Citarum River. The residents of West Java rely on the river for activities such as agriculture, fishing, water supply for homes and industries, and electricity generation. The dams also supply irrigation water to rice paddies.
Plastic bottles, dead animals and other trash is swimming on its surface. If you can take a glimpse at the water, you will see a colorful river due to the excessive amount of toxic chemicals being dumped into the river by 2. In , two Non-Profit organizations, the Blacksmith Institute in New York, as well as the Green Cross in Switzerland, ranked the Indonesian river as the worlds most polluted river after a study showed that textile factories dump tons of toxic chemicals into the river — every day. On top of that Not surprisingly, nearly 60 percent of fish species have been destroyed since