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After consolidating his power, he declared the Estado Novo "New State" in In response, many left-wing organizations began campaigns against the right-wing regime. Several locations throughout the Portuguese colonies were considered. The site was approved because it was best suited to "hygiene, surveillance, and natural resources"; all ideal properties that a prison colony should have according to Portuguese penal experts.
Ideologically Tarrafal was created for two purposes. First, it would be used to remove and isolate political prisoners who disrupted mainland goals through protests and sit-ins. These objectives were clearly defined in the opening paragraphs of Decree-Law No. First period[ edit ] On 18 October , the first ship set sail from Lisbon carrying political prisoners.
While en route the basic camp was completed on 29 October Among the first group of inmates were trade unionists and anarchists who had taken over Marinha Grande on 18 January in protest against the Estado Novo regime. The bloodless coup was put down harshly by the right-wing government.
In the first two years of the camp, prisoners slept in canvas tents that lacked electricity and ventilation. Old fuel cans were used to bring in brackish water from a source about 2km away from the camp. Due to the heavy and prolonged rainy season in Cape Verde, the tents rotted forcing prisoners to sleep in makeshift shelters. Malaria was also prevalent. By the camp had been rebuilt in brick. The enlarged site, which could accommodate up to 4, inmates, had cells blocks built around a parade quadrangle, a health center, a reading room, PVDE guard towers and barracks, and administrative facilities.
The camp would also operate a small railway in order to transport supplies and fuel. Strict regulations were enforced and outside information was forbidden.
The PVDE used physical and psychological violence against the prisoners, this included sleep deprivation, beatings, and humiliation. Men and women were tortured for information on their organizations and networks in Portugal. The most severe punishment was conducted in a concrete cell called the frigideira English: "frying pan". Prisoners could be held inside these blocks for days, weeks or months.
The camp was closed in due to national and international pressure. Victims[ edit ] A total of 32 political prisoners died in Tarrafal; their remains were not returned to Portugal until after the Carnation Revolution 25 de Abril in Portuguese in Perimeter walls around the camp. Barracks blocks within Tarrafal. A hollandinha punishment cell.
O campo do Tarrafal em Cabo Verde
Memória do Campo de Concentração do Tarrafal
Um dia no Tarrafal (o que fazer além do Campo de Concentração)