It says that whatever actions we dish out, a similar thing hits us later sometimes, much later. If we always react in the same way, our behavior has become predictable or conditioned and the outcome of what we say or do tends to be the same. Thus, if we have pleasant thoughts more often than not, if we say nice things and if we do good deeds, then our life tends to return the same qualities to us and becomes happy. Knowledge may be regarded as having two parts. There is, first of all, what one sees, hears, touches, tastes, and smells.
|Published (Last):||18 October 2015|
|PDF File Size:||10.22 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.8 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Holy Grail and Phoenix Myth revisions are in progress! They are followed by a virgin with the grail This symbolism continues with the description of the grail as a platter of pure gold with precious stones of such splendor and value that they surpass all those in the seas and in the earth , which mirrors the sun and orbits of the planets on the rim.
After the grail, a second maiden carries a silver platter past Perceval, which symbolizes the moon. The cosmic theme is picked up in the most enchanting scene of the poem where a falcon attacks a wild goose in the air, and although she feels no pain!
It may not be a coincidence that each folio of the St. Gallen, one of the oldest manuscripts, is written in two columns of 54 lines, adding up to per page.
This means that the entire poem is divided into seven sections of times 30 lines each, with the exception of the grail story and an epilogue of 30 lines.
He reveals this in the grail story about Flegetanis P , a Muslim astronomer and descendent of Solomon through his mother, who had read in the stars some "mysterious, hidden things about a grail he was too shy to talk about". This indicates that Flegetanis found an early draft of the famous "Tables of Toledo" which included the planetary positions, and that Wolfram calculated the dates when the phoenix was burned by the sun and rose from the ashes again.
According to Plutarch 2 an ancient riddle about its lifespan requires that a generation of "vigorous men" is properly calculated because "some make in their vigor 30 years", according to Heraclitus. Others allegedly prefer "in their eld" and "assign years to a generation; for they say that 54 marks the limit of the middle years of human life, a number which is made up of the first number, the first two plane surfaces, two squares and two cubes, numbers which Plato used for the Generation of the Soul.
He reminds of this numerology by entertaining his audience near the end of the poem with some entertaining word creations. Many names sound familiar, but appear to be changed in a pattern of reshuffled syllables. The 54 names and 54 places are divided in the middle of line 27 by "those of Azagouc and Zazamanc", a probable play with Z in "Aragon" and "Salamanca" in the north and south of Spain respectively. Of interest is that they add up to , and that the first half of 27 names and 27 places, including those of Azagouc, contain one decoded name: Zoroaster.
Only when this puzzle is solved can we try to figure out why Wolfram created "lapsit exillis" to describe the grail. Scholars have tried for centuries to solve this puzzle and always came up with the wrong man. Although the French master could not fully develop his concept, Wolfram seems to have understood his intentions and interpreted his golden platter as the sun, which he states clearly with the phoenix myth P. If you do not know it, it shall here be named to you. By the power of that stone the phoenix burns to ashes, but the ashes give him life again.
Thus does the phoenix molt and change its plumage, which afterwards is bright and shining and as lovely as before. The legendary talisman of metallic transmutation is linked to the planets and often symbolized by a hexagram. This shield, the shield of David and Pythagoras, is probably what Wolfram meant when he said the service to the shield is my vocation.
It led scholars to the assumption that he was a knight, even a poor knight, because he claimed that he was so poor not even the mice had enough to eat. They apparently overlooked that he praised Pythagoras as the most learned man since Adam.
Something to think about! However, according to the Universal Jewish Encyclopaedia under Magen David , hexagrams were used on tavern signs in Southern Germany during the Middle Ages 4 , reputedly because there was a tradition that Pythagorean beggar-monks used it as a secret mark to signal their comrades where they had found a hospitable reception. At left is one of the last remaining tavern signs from Rothenburg-ob-der-Tauber.
The scene is well prepared in cosmological terms: Throughout the poem, the poet refers to the planetary positions and their powers P , , P , 5, P , , , as well as to the suffering of the grail king because of Saturn P , , P , , P , The inscription has been read: you shall be Lord of the Grail Seven stars then she named in the heathen language The fifth is named Alligafir.
Under these the sixth is Alkiter, the nearest to us is Alkamer. These are the bridle of the firmament and they check its speed; their opposition has ever contended its sweep. For you, Care is now an orphan. Hence, the highest planet Saturn, the swifter Jupiter, Mars, and the bright sun all signal the "good fortune" of Parzival.
Earlier, when Kundrie had damned Parzival because of his grave failure at the grail castle P , , Wolfram featured her knowledge of many languages, of Trivium and Quadrivium Astronomy. In the following lines P , he connected to the Balaam prophecy by saying that her message is "a bridge which brings sorrow over the river of joy". But in view of the phoenix and the repetition of the hexagram in , Wolfram seems to disprove our hypothesis by falling short of our year cycles.
Or is it another riddle? His "mathematical precision" ends the poem after Could it be a key to CE, suggesting a renewal or new beginning with the conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter, which was followed by a single, planetary triangle with Mars in Leo. Is this a hidden clue to the date when the story begins, the book of Gahmuret, when Parzival is still unborn? Twenty years later the conjunction in May follows, and in February a planetary hexagram appeared in the sky exactly nine months later.
Many a tree stood in blossom from the sweet air of the May time Lady Herzeloyde the Queen there surrendered her maidenhood. If we review another famous clue, Wolframs "eilfte span" P. From Christmas , we actually reach May - Hence, Parzival may have been born nine months after the first conjunction which takes us to early February in when the planetary triangles stood in the sky.
Their focus was the symbolism of Saturn Jaweh and Jupiter Marduk and the three conjunctions, but neither of them considered Mars and the planetary triangles. This could mean that the long-awaited "Second Coming" was overlooked by Christianity in the Middle Ages and obliges us to spend more time with these riddles. Unfortunately, the only way to identify such a Messianic personage in the 9th century, if there was one, is to penetrate the complex allegorical maze of grail romance and solve its riddles.
A matter of great controversy, because few scholars consider that grail romance could be based on real events and continue their "wild goose chase" to find King Arthur. They seem to believe that Arthur was real and grail romance the fiction, but we intend to show that the opposite is true! Notes: 1. Backes, W. Haubrichs and R. Roger Sherman Loomis, Oxford, , p.
Plutarch, de defectu oraculorum, Moralia, Vol. XI, Harvard, , pp. Wolfram von Eschenbach, Parzival, trans. Helen M. Mustard and Charles E. Passage, New York , pp. III, Berlin , p.
Holy Grail and Phoenix Myth revisions are in progress! They are followed by a virgin with the grail This symbolism continues with the description of the grail as a platter of pure gold with precious stones of such splendor and value that they surpass all those in the seas and in the earth , which mirrors the sun and orbits of the planets on the rim. After the grail, a second maiden carries a silver platter past Perceval, which symbolizes the moon. The cosmic theme is picked up in the most enchanting scene of the poem where a falcon attacks a wild goose in the air, and although she feels no pain! It may not be a coincidence that each folio of the St.
Main article: Holy Chalice The Holy Grail depicted on a stained glass window at Quimper Cathedral In the wake of the Arthurian romances, several artifacts came to be identified as the Holy Grail in medieval relic veneration. These artifacts are said to have been the vessel used at the Last Supper, but other details vary. Its provenance is unknown, and there are two divergent accounts of how it was brought to Genoa by Crusaders in the 12th century. The bowl may date to Greco-Roman times, but its dating is unclear, and its provenance is unknown before , when it was gifted to Martin I of Aragon. By the 14th century an elaborate tradition had developed that this object was the Last Supper chalice.