Biography Bernardino Ramazzini Facts The understanding of occupational diseases dates back to , when the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini wrote Diseases of Workers. As a result of these studies, he was regarded as the father of occupational medicine. Educated in philosophy and medicine, Ramazzini practiced as a physician until late in , when he became a professor of medicine at the University of Modena and at Padua until Ramazzini took an early interest in epidemiology, the study of the causes, distribution and control of disease, and he described numerous plagues that ravaged his region of Italy. Soon he expanded his studies to occupational diseases, examining more than 50 occupations and the diseases that were frequently associated with them.
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Accepted June 5, Bernardino Ramazzini was born in Carpi, Italy, in While he was still a medical student at Parma University, his attention was drawn to diseases suffered by workers. The medicine courses he taught were dedicated to the diseases of workers. The clinical picture was directly observed by Ramazzini, who questioned workers about their complaints. He regularly asked his patients about the kind of work they did and suggested that all physicians do the same.
Such cumulative trauma and repetitivemotion injuries have recently been called the occupational epidemic of the s. References 1. Carnevale F. In: Carnevale F, ed. Ramazzini B. Le malattie dei lavoratori. Roma: La Nuova Italia Scientifica; — Di Pietro P. Bernardino Ramazzini. Biography and bibliography. Eur J Oncol. Rosen G. A History of Public Health. Rom WN. The discipline of environmental and occupational medicine. In: Rom WN, ed. Environmental and Occupational Medicine.
Cumulative trauma—repetitive motion injuries. Occupational Injuries. Evaluation, Management and Prevention. Louis, Mo: Mosby; —
Bernardino Ramazzini: The Father of Occupational Medicine
From the Latin text of , revised, with translation and notes by Wilmer Cave Wright. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; Such are the workers who all day long stand or sit, stoop or are bent double; who run or ride or exercise their bodies in all sorts of ways. First to come upon the stage shall be those who stand at their work, such as carpenters when they hew and saw wood, carvers, blacksmiths, masons, and others. Standing, even for a short time, proves so exhausting compared with walking and running, though it be for a long time. It is generally supposed that this is because of the tonic movement of all the antagonist muscles, both extensors and flexors, which have to be continually in action to enable a man to keep standing erect.
["De Morbis Artificum Diatriba." 1700-2000. ].
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