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A number of works written before this are now lost. He also wrote at least five zarzuelas , of which all but two are now lost. He is quoted as commenting on his earlier period works as: There are among them a few things that are not completely worthless.
The music is a bit infantile, plain, spirited; but in the end, the people, our Spanish people, are something of all that. In all of them I now note that there is less musical science, less of the grand idea, but more colour, sunlight, flavour of olives. That music of youth, with its little sins and absurdities that almost point out the sentimental affectation They are more valuable than all else of Moorish Spain, which though we may not like it, is the true Spain.
Pedrell was a leading figure in the development of nationalist Spanish music. The dance rhythms of Spain, of which there are a wide variety. The use of cante jondo , which means deep or profound singing. It is the most serious and moving variety of flamenco or Spanish gypsy song, often dealing with themes of death, anguish, or religion. The use of exotic scales also associated with flamenco music. The transfer of guitar idioms into piano writing.
By he had written over 50 piano pieces. His orchestral works of this period include Spanish Rhapsody and Catalonia , dedicated to Ramon Casas , who had painted his full-length portrait in As a result of his extended stay in France and the friendship he formed with numerous composers there, his composition technique and harmonic language has influenced aspiring younger composers such as Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel.
His activities as conductor, performer and composer significantly raised the profile of Spanish music abroad and encouraged Spanish music and musicians in his own country. The horror film Mirrors incorporates the theme from Asturias into its score. It was produced in Argentina. References and sources[ edit ].
España, Op.165 (Albéniz, Isaac)