Journal page Archives Contents list. Click here for information on linking to our bacilaire or angiomatoae our content or images. Access to the full text of this article requires a subscription. Diagnosis can be easily made by histological examination of skin lesions, mainly when electron microscopy is unavailable. Click here for patient related inquiries.
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Symptoms[ edit ] Cutaneous BA is characterised by the presence of lesions on or under the skin. Symptoms vary depending on which parts of the body are affected; for example, those whose livers are affected may have an enlarged liver and fever , while those with osseous BA experience intense pain in the affected area.
It can manifest in people with AIDS  and rarely appears in those who are immunocompetent. Neutrophilic infiltrate. Usually, erythromycin will cause the skin lesions to gradually fade away in the next four weeks, resulting in complete recovery.
Doxycycline may also be used. However, if the infection does not respond to either of these, the medication is usually changed to tetracycline. If the infection is serious, then a bactericidal medication may be coupled with the antibiotics[ citation needed ] If a cat is carrying Bartonella henselae, then it may not exhibit any symptoms.
Cats may be bacteremic for weeks to years, but infection is more common in young cats. Transmission to humans is thought to occur via flea feces inoculated into a cat scratch or bite, and transmission between cats occurs only in the presence of fleas.